Be sure to visit our IEP webpage to see how the Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFP) statement fit into the IEP process.  Also recommended: NICHCY’s Short and Sweet IEP Overview.  

What does the law say?

Here is IDEA’s requirement for this PLAAFP portion of the IEP…

Each child’s IEP must contain…

(1) A statement of the child’s present levels of academic achievement and functional performance, including—

(i) How the child’s disability affects the child’s involvement and progress in the general education curriculum (i.e., the same curriculum as for nondisabled children); or

(ii) For preschool children, as appropriate, how the disability affects the child’s participation in appropriate activities…

What is the PLAAFP statement for?

The purpose of the PLAAFP statement (sometimes called the present level statement) is to provide an overview of factors that impact the student’s performance and subsequent development of services and programs to meet the student’s unique learning needs.

Where does the PLAAFP statement fit into the IEP process?

The PLAAFP statement will give a snapshot of the student at a particular time and place.  You have to know where you are to plan for where you want to go.  The PLAAFP statement is, essentially, the foundation of the IEP. More information:

 Where does the information in the PLAAFP statement come from?

Looking at the test data from standardized testing and evaluations on your child, this will provide information about what your child knows and is able to do.  From MDE Quick Reference: Evaluations may include, but are not limited to:

  • The Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team (MET) Summary
  • The Review of Existing Evaluation Data (REED)
  • The Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP)
  • District assessments; and
  • Benchmark assessments

What if I’m concerned about areas not listed on the PLAAFP?

Sometimes a child has needs not addressed by the current IEP.   Usually, it is because that need area was not identified in the evaluation data. If something is missing in the IEP, it is important to go back to the PLAAFP statement to see if that specific area of need was actually identified.

Parents can request additional evaluations be done if there are concerns that areas of need are not being identified and addressed. The same timelines apply.

  • Evaluation resources including sample letters, timelines, eligibility categories and answers to other common questions.

More information:

Michigan Department of Education offers these  forms and guidance.  You can ask your district for a copy of their form. may not use the state’s IEP Model form, but the required information needs to be included in whatever the IEP form looks like in your district.

Importance of the PLAAFP Statement– from the Michigan Alliance for Families Webinar Series