Some children with disabilities need related services to help them meet the goals in their Individualized Education Program (IEP). Related services means transportation and other developmental, corrective, or supportive services that a child needs to benefit from special education.
Related services may include:
• Early identification and assessment of disabilities in children
• Speech-language pathology and audiology services
• Parent counseling and training
• Interpreting services
• Psychological services
• Physical and occupational therapy
• Recreation, including therapeutic recreation
• Social work services
• School health services
• School nurse services
• Counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling
• Orientation and mobility services
• Medical services (only to diagnose or evaluate a child’s disability)
Supplementary Aids and Services are any aids, services or other supports that are provided in regular education classes or other education-related settings to enable students with disabilities to be educated with non-disabled students to the maximum extent appropriate.
- Individualized Education Program (IEP) Development: Supplementary Aids and Services MDE
- Individualized Education Program (IEP) Development: Special Education Programs and Services MDE
- Supplementary Aids and Services CPIR
Why might my child needs related services or supplementary aids/services?
Aids and services are developed to enable the student to make progress in the general education curriculum and advance appropriately toward goals. Aids and services can be provided in any of the following settings: general education, special education, nonacademic, and extracurricular.
- Examples of Supplementary Aids and Services CPIR
- Least Restrictive Environment PACER
- Participation in Extracurricular Activities PACER
Where are these documented in the IEP?
The IEP team determines the need for related services based on data included in the PLAAFP statement.
The IEP must specify
- when the service will begin;
- how often it will be provided and for what amount of time; and
- where it will be provided
What about APE?
Many children with disabilities can safely and successfully participate in general education physical education instruction. Adapted Physical Education (APE) is physical education that’s adapted or modified to address the individualized needs of children and youth who have gross motor developmental delays.
APE services start with an assessment and, if eligible, instruction given by qualified personnel. IEP goals and objectives are developed and reflect the physical education instructional content.
What about transportation?
Specialized transportation is considered a related service.
- Transportation as a Related Service NICHCY Legacy
- Requirement to Transport Students with Disabilities MDE
- Frequently Asked Questions about Transportation MDE