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There are some terms parents may need to know when making decisions about what returning to school looks like for their child with an IEP.
ASYNCHRONOUS – means “not at the same time”. Asynchronous learning occurs at different times and in individual spaces. In asynchronous learning, instructors usually set up a learning path, which students follow at their own pace or on their own schedule. The opposite is synchronous- at the same time.
CHARTER SCHOOL – A Public School Academy (PSA) is a state‐supported public school operating under a charter contract issued by a public authorizing body. PSAs are also commonly referred to as charter schools. A charter school is required to adhere to Michigan statutes and rules for special education, as well as IDEA. Some charter schools operate More on Charter Schools
COHORTING – A strategy that schools may use to limit contact between students and staff. These strategies work by keeping groups of students together over the course of the day. Ideally, the students and staff within a cohort will only be in close physical proximity with others in the same cohort.
CONTINGENCY LEARNING PLAN – For each student with an IEP, the state encourages IEP teams to create a contingency learning plan to explain the special education and related services the district will provide during time away from school. This plan is individualized, based on the current IEP, and makes sure the student can access the education being offered by their district. Districts are encouraged to develop the plan with input from parents because parents are part of the IEP Team.
CONTINUITY OF LEARNING PLAN – Each district developed a continuity of learning plan to finish out this past school year. This plan explained how the district provided instruction for all students (including those with IEPs). This could have been paper packet pickup, phone calls, online classes, or a combination of methods.
DISTANCE LEARNING – Might be called distance eduation, cloud, e-learning, virtual learning – A form of education that includes physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to faciliate student-teacher communication
DISTRICT OF RESIDENCE – The school district you live in.
FOREGONE LEARNING – Foregone learning is the learning which could have occurred in the absence of the COVID-19 pandemic. All students experienced foregone learning when school shut down in March 2020. Students with IEPs may face additional foregone learning, and IEP teams may consider the need for recovery services for individual students. See more: Foregone Learning and Recovery Services Resources
HOMESCHOOL – Parents have total responsibility for their child’s education (curriculum, grades, diplomas). More on Homeschool
HYBRID LEARNING – A mix of in-person and virtual learning
IN-PERSON – Students learn face to face in the school building
PRIVATE SCHOOL – Parentally placed children with disabilities do not have an individual entitlement to services they would recive if they were in a public school. Districts spend a proportionate amount of IDEA funds to provide auxillary services to these students. More on Private School
RECOVERY SERVICES – Recovery services address additional foregone learning that students with IEPs may have experienced due to the pandemic. Recovery services are supplemental to the offer of FAPE and address the potential additional impact of the school closure for a student with an IEP. It is not mandatory for districts to provide recovery services. See more: Foregone Learning and Recovery Services Resources
SCHOOL OF CHOICE – Michigan’s school of choice program provides parents the opportunity to move their child from one school to another within the boundaries of the school district or allow non-resident students to enroll in another district. Each local school district decides whether or not it will participate in schools of choice. Contact the school directly for local policy and timelines. More on School of Choice
SYNCHRONOUS – means “at the same time”. Synchronous learning means students and teachers are learning in the same place, at the same time. This covers in-person classes and live online meetings when the whole class/group meets at the same time. The opposite is asynchronous- not at the same time.