Inclusion is part of a much larger picture than just placement in the regular class within school. It is being included in life and participating using one’s abilities in day-to-day activities as a member of the community. It is being a part of what everyone else is, and being welcomed and embraced as a member who belongs. Inclusion can occur in schools, churches, playgrounds, work, and in recreation. —Kids Together, Inc.
What is inclusion?
Inclusion is not mentioned in the law- the terms “placement” and “least restrictive environment” are. As the quote above shows, inclusion is not just a classroom placement. Families are often experts in adapting and including their children in family life.
- More on LRE and Placement Michigan Alliance for Families
The resources here can help parents learn more about inclusion at school. A Michigan Alliance for Families Parent Mentor is also available, contact us.
“All children with disabilities are to be educated to the maximum extent with children who do not have disabilities.” Federal Law I.D.E.A. Sec. 612.5(A)
“Inclusion is a right, not a special privilege for a select few.” Federal Court Oberti v. Board of Education
“Separate education facilities are inherently unequal.” Supreme Court Brown v. Board of Education
“Schools who let one criterion, such as a specific disability, automatically determine the placement are likely to be held in violation of federal law.” Supreme Court Board of Education v. Rowley
- Components of Inclusion
- Inclusion: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions with US Dept of Education Wrightslaw
Is my child too (fill in the blank) to be included at school?
All students can participate and learn within the general education curriculum.
- School Inclusion Parent Center Hub
- Inclusion is the Natural State Kathie Snow
- Inclusion. It’s not for everyone? Kids Together
- Inclusion Inventory Paula Kluth
- Inclusive Behavior Instruction SWIFT Education Center
- Inclusive Benefits Research SWIFT Education Center
- TIES Center national technical assistance center on inclusive practices and policies
- Federal Policy Statement on Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Early Childhood Programs PowerPoint A “high-quality” early childhood program is one that is inclusive of children with disabilities. OSEP
Preschool Inclusion Collective Action Plan A statewide workgroup identified specific actions that would result in youngsters having a more inclusive preschool experience.
Is a segregated program better than a general education program?
“Research shows when students with different support needs learn together, they experience better academic and behavioral outcomes, social relationships, high school graduation rates, and post-school success.” – SWIFT
- Benefits of Inclusive Education Kids Together
- What Does Research Say About Inclusive Education Wrightslaw
- Dispelling the Myths of Inclusive Education TASH
How do I get my child included in their school?
Placement is an IEP team decision. Parents are part of the IEP team. Be sure to visit the Michigan Alliance for Families LRE webpage.
The level of commitment districts have for inclusion varies across the state, therefore how hard it will be for an individual parent to have their child placed in the Least Restrictive Environment varies as well.
- Contact Michigan Alliance for Families to speak with a Regional Parent Mentor
- Our School Doesn’t Offer Inclusion Kids Together
- Common Sense Tools for Inclusive Education MAPS is a collaborative action planning process that brings the key actors in a child’s life together. CIRCLES of Support is an approach to understanding and building relationships with each other.
- IEP and Inclusion Tips for Parents and Teachers (pdf book)
- Including Students with Multiple/Severe Disabilities in the General Education Classroom Vanderbilt University
- Differentiated Instruction means tailoring instruction to meet individual needs.
- MDE Office of Special Education Parent Line For questions related to special education or the IEP process 1-888-320-8384 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
If the parents disagree with the placement decision, they have recourse through procedural safeguards, which includes mediation and due process procedures, as a way of resolving the conflict. A parent of a child with a disability can also file a State complaint.
Always remember the purpose of special education…
The purpose of special education is to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a “free and appropriate public education” that emphasizes special education and related services “designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment, and independent living.” Special education services are provided at no cost to the parents and must be provided in the “least restrictive environment”.
Where can I learn more and get support?
- Michigan Alliance for Families webpages on LRE and Access to General Education
- Promoting Inclusion and Belonging START
- Inclusion Matters (Michigan Facebook Group)
- Think Inclusive
- TIES Center
- SWIFT Education Center
- Kids Together
- Disability is Natural
- The Inclusive Class
Inclusion: Free Appropriate Public Education in the Least Restrictive Environment