Eligibility for Special Education under designation of Severe Multiple Impairment


The MDE Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE) define eligibility for special education services within thirteen (13) categories of disability. You can view the full MARSE document on MDE’s webpage.

R 340.1702 Student with a disability defined.
Rule 2. “Student with a disability” means a person who is determined by an individualized education program team or a hearing officer to have 1 or more of the impairments specified in this part that necessitates special education or related services, or both, who is not more than 25 years of age as of September 1 of the school year of enrollment, who has not completed a normal course of study, and who has not graduated from high school. A student who reaches the age of 26 years after September 1 is a “student with a disability” and entitled to continue a special education program or service until the end of that school year.

R 340.1714 Severe Multiple Impairment explained; determination.
Rule 14.
(1) Students with severe multiple impairments shall be determined through the manifestation of either of the following:

(a) Development at a rate of 2 to 3 standard deviations below the mean and 2 or more of the following conditions:
(i) A hearing impairment so severe that the auditory channel is not the primary means of developing speech and language skills.
(ii) A visual impairment so severe that the visual channel is not sufficient to guide independent mobility.
(iii) A physical impairment so severe that activities of daily living cannot be achieved without assistance.
(iv) A health impairment so severe that the student is medically at risk.

(b) Development at a rate of 3 or more standard deviations below the mean or students for whom evaluation instruments do not provide a valid measure of cognitive ability and 1 or more of the following conditions:
(i) A hearing impairment so severe that the auditory channel is not the primary means of developing speech and language skills.
(ii) A visual impairment so severe that the visual channel is not sufficient to guide independent mobility.
(iii) A physical impairment so severe that activities of daily living cannot be achieved without assistance.
(iv) A health impairment so severe that the student is medically at risk.

(2) A determination of impairment shall be based upon a full and individual evaluation by a multidisciplinary evaluation team, which shall include a psychologist and, depending upon the disabilities in the physical domain, the multidisciplinary evaluation team participants required in R 340.1707, R 340.1708, or R 340.1709, R 340.1709a, or R 340.1716.

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