Behavior Intervention Plan

What is a BIP?

A behavior intervention plan (BIP) has many components.  The BIP must be based on the results of a functional behavioral assessment (FBA).  The BIP includes a description of the problem behavior.  The BIP will give the team’s best-guesses as to why the problem behavior occurs. The BIP explains the intervention strategies that include positive behavioral supports and services to address the behavior.

How do I know if my child needs a BIP?

You may request a FBA and BIP at any time if your child’s problem behaviors are becoming worse, or when the team cannot explain to you why the problem behaviors occur.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires a FBA whenever a child with a disability has his or her current placement changed for disciplinary reasons.

The evaluation requirements of IDEA make it clear that children must be evaluated in all areas related to the suspected disability. This means that if your child has problem behaviors that are not improving, your child may need an evaluation to examine the behaviors more closely.

How do I request a BIP?

Make your request in writing. You might want to use a sample letters as a reference. Planning ahead for a meeting about your child’s behavior needs will help you explain your own ideas about the best way to help your child in addition to listening to the ideas of others.  Once a request for an evaluation has been made, there is a 30 day timeline to be followed.

What happens before the BIP?

The data from the Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) has given a hypothesis/best-guess of why the behavior is occurring.  Now, an intervention plan can be developed.

What exactly is included in a BIP?

The BIP will identify:

  • the baseline measure of the problem behavior, including the frequency, duration, and intensity of the targeted behaviors.  The baseline includes data taken across activities, settings, people and times of the day.
  • intervention strategies to be used to alter antecedent events to prevent the occurrence of the behavior, teach individual alternative and adaptive behaviors to the student, and provide consequences for the targeted inappropriate behavior(s) and alternative acceptable behavior(s); and
  • a schedule to measure the effectiveness of the interventions, at scheduled intervals (one week, two weeks, one month).

What type of interventions are there?

PBS (referred to as Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports in IDEA) is the only approach to addressing behavior that is specifically mentioned in federal law.   Read more on PBS here.

Interventions might include:

  • Manipulate the antecedents and/or consequences of the behavior
  • Teach more acceptable replacement behaviors that serve the same function as the inappropriate behavior
  • Implement changes in curriculum and instructional strategies
  • Modify the physical environment

How do I know if a BIP is “good”?

If a BIP is working, the challenging behaviors will be reduced.  If the behaviors do not improve, then the BIP needs to be revisited and updated.  The goals of interventions are to make problem behaviors decrease.

How does the BIP connect to the IEP?

A student’s need for a behavioral intervention plan must be documented throughout the IEP.  The individualized education program (IEP) must indicate if a particular device or service, including an intervention, accommodation or other program modification is needed to address the student’s behavior that impedes the student’s learning or classmates’ learning.  When the BIP is attached to the IEP, it becomes part of the IEP.  An updated BIP can be attached to the IEP with an IEP amendment.

More resources:

We also have a series of webpages to help understand behavior:

Accommodations/Modifications Sometimes an accommodation or modification to the classroom or the curriculum is the solution to a challenging behavior
Behavior Intervention Plan A written plan that identifies problem behaviors and how they will be addressed.
Behavior is Communication All behavior happens for a reason, but why?
Bullying Definitions, actions to take, specific protections for students with disabilities.
Discipline Covering discipline, suspension, expulsion, manifestation determination review.
Functional Behavior Assessment/Analysis A process for collecting data and analyzing the function of (ie- the reason why) a challenging behavior is occurring.
Positive Behavior Supports An approach to addressing challenging behaviors that teaches positive behavior skills rather than just using punishment.
Seclusion and Restraint When school personnel tie down, pin down, and confine children to locked rooms or boxes.
School-Wide Positive Behavior Supports A building-wide initiative to support all students in school.

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